Motor Development at Home

Motor development varies from one child to another, so it is to be expected that motor development in children with intellectual or developmental disabilities will vary as well.

As it was previously mentioned, it's essential to keep in mind that all children can learn and all children develop their motor skills while respecting their capabilities.

Like all children, daily physical activity is recommended. Participating in games, walks, drawing, cutting, placing objects, grabbing objects, stirring, clapping hands to a song are all forms of activity, and all activity helps in the development of fine and gross motor skills.

Here are a few activities that target fine and gross motor skill development.


Pre-writing activities

  • Playdough activities (building strength in hands) hiding objects in play dough to encourage them to manipulate the dough.

  • Q-tip painting (pincer practice)

  • Lacing (fine motor practice)

  • Threading Beads on Pipe Cleaners or spaghetti (pincer practice)

  • Cutting play dough (easier than cutting paper)

  • Transferring objects with tweezers or tongs

  • Clothespin Activities

  • Eye Dropper Activity (helps strengthen hands)

  • Let students use markers, crayons coloured pencils, dry eraser (you can break crayons in half, it makes it easier for them to handle)

  • Painting with small sponges (pincer)


Fine motor activities

  • Building 3D models

  • Legos

  • Foam and water window art

  • Paper weaving (with paper bags)

  • Placing and removing elastics(rubber bands) on bottles

Gross motor activities

  • Kicking the ball in a laundry basket

  • Jumping over lines made with chalk or rope

  • Throwing objects through a hula hoop (cheap version of a bean bag game)

  • Follow the Leader

  • Animal Walk

Fine Motor Activities


Cleaned up and updated!


Cleaned up and updated!

Gross Motor Activities